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Wednesday, July 8, 2020 | History

2 edition of Selected comparisons of measures of health disparities found in the catalog.

Selected comparisons of measures of health disparities

Sam Harper

Selected comparisons of measures of health disparities

a review using databases relevant to healthy people 2010 cancer-related objectives

by Sam Harper

  • 322 Want to read
  • 28 Currently reading

Published by U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute in [Bethesda, Md .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Cancer -- Social aspects.,
  • Social status -- Health aspects -- United States.,
  • Health status indicators -- United States.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementSam Harper, John Lynch.
    SeriesNCI cancer surveillance monograph series -- no. 7, NIH publication -- no. 07-6281
    ContributionsLynch, John, National Cancer Institute (U.S.)
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsRC262 .H294 2007
    The Physical Object
    Paginationvii, 92 p. :
    Number of Pages92
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL21558629M
    LC Control Number2007473583

    5 GEOGRAPHY AND DISPARITIES IN HEALTH CARE Thomas C. Ricketts, ITI This paper examines how health status, access to health care, and health outcomes vary by geographic location. It also examines which aspects of location appear most to affect health care access, services, and utilization. Health Disparities: Measuring Health Care Use and Access for Racial/Ethnic Populations Final Report Part 2 Prepared for Arthur Meltzer, PhD Research and Evaluation Group Office of Research, Development, and Information Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Mail Stop C Security Boulevard Baltimore, Maryland Prepared by.

    track important health events (Sorlie et al., ). how to read this data book – a guide This page is a guide on how to understand the numbers and charts included in this book. Questions about health status were asked of all participants. The percentage of persons who responded that they had a .   Health Disparities Power Point FINAL 1. Health Care Disparities The World Health Organization (WHO) defines health disparities as: Differences in health outcomes that are closely linked with social, economic, and environmental disadvantage — are often driven by the social conditions in which individuals live, learn, work and play.

      Health disparities are increasingly studied in and across a growing array of societies. While novel contexts and comparisons are a promising development, this commentary highlights four challenges to finding appropriate and adequate health measures when making comparisons across groups within a society or across distinctive societies. II. Data Sources on Access and Health Disparities. A issue brief by Mathematica Policy Research, Inc. states that “achieving ‘equitable’ access to health care has long been valued in this country, although there is little consensus about what the term actually means.”(1) The Institute of Medicine (IOM), however, in its report on primary care defined accessibility as “the.


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Selected comparisons of measures of health disparities by Sam Harper Download PDF EPUB FB2

Health Disparities Monograph (PDF, MB) Disparities supplemental data tables (XLS, 82 KB) Suggested Citation. Harper S, Lynch J. Selected Comparisons of Measures of Health Disparities: A Review Using Databases Relevant to Healthy People Cancer-Related Objectives. Disparity metrics.

We selected metrics that 1) give additional influence to the groups with the poorest health outcomes; 2) can assess disparities on both the relative and absolute scale; 3) can be used to evaluate ordered (i.e., SES) and unordered (i.e., racial and ethnic) groups; and 4) can be used to compare multiple groups (as opposed to pairwise comparisons between the “best” and Cited by: Selected Comparisons of Measures of Health Disparities Using Databases Containing Data Relevant to Healthy People Cancer-Related Goals Article (PDF Available) January with 69 Reads.

making comparisons of disparities across health-related indicators and across geographic areas or populations. In the interest of brevity the term ‘‘rate’’ is generally used in the discussion that follows, but the principles discussed apply to rates, proportions, percentages, means, and other quantitative measures of Size: KB.

progress toward eliminating health disparities. The results of the case studies presented in this report demonstrate that it is easily possible to come to fundamentally different conclusions about the extent of progress toward eliminating health disparities using the same data but different measures of health.

Disparities were more common among measures of Person-Centered Care and Care Coordination, involving about 60% of comparisons (data not shown).

Disparities were less common among measures of Patient Safety, Effective Treatment, and Healthy Living, involving about 30% of comparisons (data not shown). Health inequalities, which is sometimes used interchangeably with the term health disparities, is more often used in the scientific and economic literature to refer to summary measures of population health associated with individual- or group-specific attributes (e.g., income, education, or race/ethnicity) (8).

A health disparity is a “chain of events signified by a difference in environment, access to, utilization of, and quality of care, health status or a particular health outcome that deserves scrutiny” (Carter-Pokras & Baquet,p. Health disparities are generally thought of. Different groups and communities can have markedly different levels of health.

Some populations can have higher rates of cancer, for example, while others might be more likely to be obese or use tobacco. These differences in health or medical conditions are called health disparities, and they can have a profound impact on the public health of a community. high-income people for all six core measures.

Few disparities in quality of care are getting better: l Fewer than 20% of disparities faced by Blacks, AI/ANs, Hispanics, and poor people showed evidence of narrowing.

l The Asian-White gap was narrowing for about 30% of core measures, the largest proportion of any group, but most disparities were. Reducing childhood health disparities is an important social goal for a number of reasons, especially due to the implications of child health on lifelong health and productivity in adulthood, and the costs associated with both.

Social, environmental and political factors all infl uence the persistence of health disparities in the U.S. making the. National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Report. For the 16th year in a row, AHRQ is reporting on healthcare quality and disparities.

The annual National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Report is mandated by Congress to provide a comprehensive overview of the quality of healthcare received by the general U.S.

population and disparities in care experienced by different racial and. The Health Disparities Calculator (HD*Calc) is free statistical software that calculates 11 commonly used measures of health disparities and provides corresponding 95% CIs for the 11 measures.

Despite overall improvements in the healthcare system, disparities based on social risk factors continue to persist. This is the first of three interim reports that will culminate in a final report which will be released in September This interim report describes a review of the literature on disparities in health and healthcare related to the target conditions listed above based on the.

Disparities Overview and Disparities Details pages for that objective. Because targets aren’t factored into disparities calculations, the HD tool does not show target lines.

Read more here about how objective targets are selected. Definition of “Income” Income and education are the primary measures of socioeconomic status in Healthy. Selected comparisons of measures of health disparities. vii, 92 p. (DLC) (OCoLC) Material Type: Document, Government publication, National government publication, Internet resource: Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File: All Authors / Contributors: Sam Harper; John Lynch; National Cancer Institute (U.S.).

Health Disparities Calculator (HD*Calc) Statistics by Race/Ethnicity; Research & Collaboration. Native American Initiatives; Monographs. Selected Comparisons of Measures of Health Disparities: A Review Using Databases Relevant to Healthy People.

An ideal set of health measures would inform comparisons of the status of children and adolescents served by different health plans (both public and private) and the types of health issues associated with different providers (pediatricians versus nurse practitioners and primary versus specialty care) and health settings (such as hospitals or.

Search for the book on E-ZBorrow. E-ZBorrow is the easiest and fastest way to get the book you want (ebooks unavailable). Use ILLiad for articles and chapter scans. Make an ILLIAD request. If your book is not available on E-ZBorrow, you can request it through ILLiad (ebooks unavailable).

You can also use ILLiad to request chapter scans and. • The%best%group%rate,or%the%rate%for%the%population%group%with%the%lowestvalue% for%the%specified%population%characteristic%(e.g.,%educational%attainment).%%.

Comparisons of disparities across five racial/ethnic groups for several measures of health are shown in Table 1. For each measure of health, rates for each racial/ethnic group are shown along with the ID. The ID for the five racial/ethnic groups for CVD mortality was % in .Commission to End Health Care Disparities Subject The Commission believes that to be most effective, policy initiatives to address health care disparities should share the same explicit broad goal, should be guided by certain fundamental principles, and that a comprehensive set of policies should help dr ive a number of key strategies.This paper presents selected components of the most recent () Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Health Data.

Previous trends in spending for health .